wedding reception là gì

"Wedding party" redirects here. For other uses, see The Wedding Party.

Wedding reception in 17th-century Russia by Konstantin Makovsky
Wedding Party, Flemish painting of the 17th century
Wedding dance of an Azerbaijani married couple

A wedding reception is a tiệc ngọt usually held after the completion of a marriage ceremony as hospitality for those who have attended the wedding, hence the name reception: the couple receive society, in the size of family and friends, for the first time as a married couple. Hosts provide their choice of food and drink, although a wedding cake is popular.

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Entertaining guests after a wedding ceremony is traditional in most societies, and can last anywhere from half an hour to tướng many hours or even days. Most wedding receptions are made in the evening for dinner; however, the couple may opt for a luncheon, brunch, or even afternoon tea.[1] Ultimately the married couple chooses the details and location of the reception.

In some cultures, separate wedding celebrations are held for the bride's and groom's families.

Before receptions – a social sự kiện that is structured around a receiving line, and usually held in the afternoon, with only light refreshments – became popular, weddings were more typically celebrated with wedding breakfasts (for those whose religious traditions encouraged morning weddings) and wedding balls (for those who were married in the evening). The popularity of receptions, rather than vãn breakfasts, dinners, and balls, during the 20th century led to tướng the name reception being applied to tướng any social sự kiện after a wedding, whether it is brunch, tea, dinner, or a dance.

Western culture[edit]


Banquet hall being used for wedding reception

Until after World War II, wedding celebrations were most commonly held in the bride's trang chủ, in whatever style of entertainment was within the means of the family.[2] This might be a grand ball for a wealthy family, a luncheon for middle-class families, or an afternoon tea, featuring cake and lemonade, for working-class families.

The choice depended primarily on the family's economic situation, and in some cases, mass weddings were favored as a way to tướng share costs. At the beginning of the 20th century, dance halls became common, and were rented by those planning a celebration beyond what their homes could hold.[3]

Typical locations for wedding celebrations now include khách sạn ballrooms, banquet halls, wedding venues, community halls, social halls at the church or other sacred place where the wedding ceremony took place, and, particularly for smaller weddings, restaurants and garden parties at trang chủ. There are also many small businesses that specialize in providing places for wedding ceremonies and celebrations.

Receiving line[edit]

Technically, to tướng be a reception, instead of some other size of entertainment, guests must be greeted with a receiving line. In a receiving line, newly wedded couple, the hosts, and often their parents and any honour attendants, stand in order of precedence and greet every guest in turn.

Each guest greets the first (lowest precedence) person in the line and, if necessary, introduces him/herself. The first person then introduces the guest to tướng the next person in the line, and turns to tướng the next guest. As each guest properly speaks little more than vãn his/her name (if necessary) and conventional greetings or congratulations to tướng each person in turn, the line progresses steadily without unnecessary delays.

Western etiquette requires at least one of the hosts and the newly married couple, as the guests of honor, to tướng welcome and greet the guests, but the other members of the wedding tiệc ngọt, parents who are not hosting the tiệc ngọt, siblings, etc., are not required to tướng stand in the receiving line. It is increasingly common to tướng feature only the couple, since more modern couples host and pay for their own weddings rather than vãn their parents.

After formally receiving each guest in this fashion, the receiving line is finished and the people who had been duty-bound to tướng stand in it can mingle with guests, eat, and enjoy more extended conversations.

Grand entrance[edit]

Another option, especially popular on the East and West Coast of the United States, is having a grand entrance instead of a receiving line.[4] The grand entrance might involve presenting some or all of the wedding tiệc ngọt, the parents, and/or the bride and groom.

The wedding tiệc ngọt is usually introduced by a master of ceremonies, toastmaster, disc jockey, or band leader. It may be done in the same manner as they walked down the aisle during the wedding ceremony. This is generally much faster than vãn a receiving line and guests may be seated before the arrival of the wedding tiệc ngọt. In addition, it can be an sự kiện in itself and be as entertaining as wished. Introductions may be accompanied by music and information about each person to tướng introduce them to tướng the guests. However, unlike a reception line, it does not give the guests an opportunity to tướng speak to tướng any of the people being presented.


The bride and groom cut the wedding cake at an American wedding reception in 1955.

The food served at a wedding reception is determined by the time of the wedding and local customs. Food may range from a non-alcoholic drink with wedding cake to tướng elaborate, multi-course dinners. The type of food is chosen entirely at the discretion and budget of the hosts as costs for catering weddings have soared.[5]

Some receptions, especially if the wedding party's culture or religious faith prohibits alcohol or nhảy đầm, focus on dessert. Hosts may also choose to tướng honor regional or local customs, such as by serving a culturally important cake lượt thích croquembouche in France, or featuring a cookie table[6] as is celebrated in Pittsburgh[7] and some surrounding areas.

The wedding cake is often a multi-tiered layer cake that is elaborately decorated with white frosting. Some couples have a smaller display cake, which is supplemented by sheet cake.

The groom's cake is a tradition observed mainly in the southern United States. In the Colonial and Victorian eras, the white-iced bride's cake was considered "too light" for male tastes, and a second cake choice—usually a dark, liquor-soaked fruitcake—was also offered. Today, chocolate is popular, although the groom's cake may be in any flavor and is usually shaped or decorated as something significant to tướng the groom, such as a favorite hobby or sport.

If a full meal is served, the wedding cake is usually served after the meal. Otherwise, the cake may be served as soon as the family has received all of the guests.

Commonly, the couple ceremonially cut the first piece of the cake, and in a nod to tướng an ancient Roman wedding rite, may feed a bite to tướng one another and perhaps sip a glass of wine or other drink with linked arms. Then the cake is served to tướng the guests. Like being asked to tướng pour tea at a formal tea tiệc ngọt, being asked to tướng serve the cake is generally considered an honor.[8]: 428 


In most Western countries, either before or after food is served, toasts are made by members of the wedding tiệc ngọt, wishing the couple well. Commonly, toasts are proposed by the bride's father, the groom, the best man, and/or the maid of honor, although there is no absolutely required list of people who must make toasts, or indeed any requirement to tướng offer toasts at all.[8]

A new trend involves the addition of a DVD slideshow or photo montage video clip, featuring pictures of the new spouses growing up and meeting. These are created using trang chủ movies and photos taken over the couple's life, edited and phối to tướng music. The montage is shown either on a large TV or monitor or with an LCD projector.[9]

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"A Gorals' Wedding" – bride and groom dance
Armenian Wedding, Bride's Dance

If there is nhảy đầm, the newly married couple typically open the nhảy đầm with their first dance.[8] When waltzing was popular, it was sometimes called a "bridal waltz" to tướng a love tuy nhiên, although other dance styles are more commonly used now. The bride and groom might decide to tướng choose a choreographed dance routine or other forms of nhảy đầm, lượt thích club, disco or hip hop.

Top 40 chart hits becoming an increasingly popular option for the first dance - the most popular first dance tuy nhiên at UK weddings in 2020 is You Got Me Thinking, a soft rock ballad by Joshua Radin.[10] Before the wedding, the newlyweds choose a DJ and agree on a playlist with them.[11] As a rule, the performance of the DJ takes place after the official traditional part.[12]

Traditionally, shortly after the dance begins, guests would promptly join in the nhảy đầm, in order of precedence, exactly lượt thích at any other ball.[8] In very recent times, some families have told guests to tướng not start nhảy đầm until after watching a sometimes lengthy sequence of "special" dances.[8] For example, after the first dance, the newly married couple might dance with their parents and/or in-laws. However, there is no requirement that any particular people dance at all, much less with any particular person, and no absolutely required order for the bridal couple, their families, or the bridal tiệc ngọt to tướng begin nhảy đầm in.[13]


Entertainment at an English wedding reception. The organisers have hired two opera singers to tướng sing arias during the meal for the entertainment of the guests. The mother of the groom is being serenaded.

Wedding receptions are often the time when couples want to tướng ensure their family and guests will be entertained, and a variety of options such as disc jockeys, live bands, professional dancers such as ballroom dancers or belly dancers, magicians, fire artists, electric violinists, comedians and more unusual entertainers are brought in to tướng heighten the festivities and make the wedding stand out.

Typically, including lavish entertainment at the wedding reception is a luxury. Wedding DJ's have been increasing in popularity in modern cultures as has hiring a live band. As of 2020, wedding entertainment is extremely varied.[14]


A ceremony is often made of the newlyweds' departure. Rice or birdseed, signifying abundance, may be thrown at the departing couple, with birdseed preferred by facility managers, since it requires less clean up work than vãn rice, and new, mess-free substitutes, such as blowing soap bubbles or ringing small bells being even more favored by the cleaning staff.[8]

As the newlyweds are the guests of honor, the other guests are expected to tướng remain at the reception until they leave them, and consequently, it is an imposition on the other guests for the newlyweds to tướng stay unreasonably long at the tiệc ngọt.[8] On occasion, the newlyweds will stage an official leave-taking, so sánh that guests feel không tính phí to tướng leave, and then quietly return through another door.


A Black tie wedding reception held at the Society Room in Hartford, Connecticut.
A Black tie wedding reception held at the Society Room in Hartford, Connecticut.

The median cost of a wedding, including both the ceremony and reception, has generally outpaced the rate of inflation. In the United States, as of năm nhâm thìn, the average price is $35,329, steadily rising year over year, as it also has in the UK where the average cost was £25,090,[15] rising roughly 7000 pounds[15] from two years prior. In nước Australia, the cost is $36,200 (AUD). Approximately 50% of a couple's entire wedding budget is spent on the reception alone. This is primarily due to tướng the cost of food and alcohol.[16] The wedding industry is a huge industry grossing $161 billion annually, according to tướng Rebecca Mead, author of One Perfect Day.[17]

Other Western traditions and beyond[edit]

Wedding traditions vary between countries, and between regions of the same country. Some shared traditions include:

Dancing guests at a wedding tiệc ngọt in Mauritania
Ethnic Hakka people in a wedding in East Timor, 2006.
  • The money dance, or "dollar dance". Guests pay a small amount of money to tướng dance with the bride or groom. In some cultures, the money is pinned to tướng a special apron worn by the bride or groom. In others, the money is collected by friends. This is prevalent among Polish and Italian couples, although many other brides and grooms often incorporate it. There is considerable debate about the propriety of a money dance in English-speaking countries, where the practice is frowned upon because making guests pay for nhảy đầm or socializing with the bridal couple seems inhospitable, greedy, or distasteful.[18] It is accepted when the couple and the majority of their guests are of one of the cultures in which it is traditional.
  • Tossing of the bride's bouquet and garter.[8] The bride tosses her bouquet over her shoulder to tướng a group of all the single women present. Whoever catches it is supposed to tướng be the next to tướng get married. Similarly, the groom tosses the bride's garter to tướng the single men after removing it from her leg. On occasion, the bride will "rig" the bouquet toss by tossing the bouquet to tướng a woman who is engaged.[citation needed] The groom then arranges for the fiancé of the bouquet-toss winner to tướng receive the bride's garter.[citation needed] Sometimes, the man who catches the garter is supposed to tướng put it on the leg of the woman who catches the bouquet, or the garter is sold in a raffle instead of being tossed. This tradition is now slightly less common in Western cultures, where some have argued it is old fashioned.[19]
  • Clinking glasses. Guests will often clink their glasses during dinner to tướng ask the newlyweds to tướng stand up and kiss. Some couples pass out wedding favor bells for guests to tướng ring instead of clinking glasses.[8]
  • Favors. The hosts may provide a small gift for each guest. Favors may include chocolates, candles, picture frames, or other small gifts. Such favors are not required.[8]

Chinese traditions[edit]


A typical wedding ceremony in Indonesia, complete with an orchestra on a stage. The audience is allowed to tướng request a tuy nhiên to tướng be sung by the orchestra, or they can come up to tướng the stage and sing the tuy nhiên they want.
A typical wedding ceremony in Indonesia, complete with an orchestra on a stage, 2022. The audience is allowed to tướng request a tuy nhiên to tướng be sung by the orchestra, or they can come up to tướng the stage and sing the tuy nhiên they want.

Unless the wedding couple has a wedding registry, it is best not to tướng give gifts or gift certificates. For Chinese weddings, a kiểm tra is always the best gift. This tradition is the same in traditional Italian weddings. In addition to tướng the kiểm tra, in Chinese weddings some elder relatives might also give gold jewelry. The kiểm tra should be in a red envelope or red pocket with the givers' names on it, and it is always given when signing in at the restaurant. In choosing the amount of money to tướng give, givers scrupulously avoid unlucky numbers, such as 4 and favor combinations of lucky numbers, such as 8 and 9. Also, white envelopes are never used to tướng wrap gifts for a wedding or other joyful sự kiện, as the color white is associated with death.


There are two times listed on the invitation: 恭候 (gōnghòu/greeting) and 入席 (rùxí/reception). Typically, they are at least two hours apart (some may be four hours). The first one is the time the groom and bride, along with their family, will be ready to tướng receive guests and greet them; the second one is the time the reception/banquet will start. The gap between those hours is referred to tướng as entertainment time. Very often, the restaurant will provide poker and mahjong (麻將) for gambling; the time can also be used to tướng socialize with other guests and take photos with the bride/groom and their families. Nowadays, for Chinese couples' weddings in the U.S., you are less likely to tướng see mahjong being played before the banquet; it is often replaced by a cocktail tiệc ngọt.[citation needed] However, if the wedding reception takes place in southern Đài Loan Trung Quốc, Hong Kong, Macau, and even parts of Canada (where there is a large Cantonese population), mahjong might still be played before the dinner.

Signing in[edit]

Gifts of money may be placed in a special box at the sign-in table.

Two people will be at the sign-in tables (one from the bride's family and one from the groom's) to tướng register guests and receive gifts/red envelopes. Often, they will have two separate guest lists, one from the groom's side and one from the bride's. Then the best man and the maid of honor will direct ushers to tướng escort guests to tướng their seat.

Banquet procedure[edit]

Typically, the banquet will include a speech from the parents, the best man, the maid of honor, and the guest speaker. There will be cake cutting, toasts, a tea ceremony,[20] and nhảy đầm. The two tables at the center of the room are for the groom's and bride's families.


A Chinese wedding reception typically has nine or ten courses. Expensive dishes such as shark fin, abalone, lobster, jumbo shrimp, squab, sea bass, or sea cucumber are common on a wedding banquet thực đơn. A whole fish, chicken, or pig means luck and completeness in Chinese wedding culture.

Traditionally, after the fifth dish of the dinner, the groom and bride and their families will approach each table to tướng toast the guests. Very often, the bride will change into a traditional Chinese red wedding dress (鳳褂, or qípáo) at that time, if she has been wearing a different style of clothing before.


The decorations vary by culture and budget.

  • Modern reception in Vietnam

    Modern reception in Vietnam

  • An elaborate wedding reception in 1894 in Australia

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    An elaborate wedding reception in 1894 in Australia

  • This wedding reception was held outdoors.

    This wedding reception was held outdoors.

See also[edit]

  • White wedding


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